How to Learn Guitar in 11 Steps - National Guitar Academy (2023)

Wondering how to learn guitar? This free guide will give you an 11-step roadmap you can follow.

In this free guitar lessonyou’ll learn everything you need to get off toa perfect start.

  • Quick-start gear guide: Guitars, tuners, picks etc.
  • The secretway to learn chords at lightning speed
  • How to hold a pick correctly
  • 10 easy songs for guitar beginners
  • How to strum with rhythmand musicality
  • The most effectiveway for beginners to practice
  • How to stay positive and avoid frustration
  • How to hire the perfect guitar teacher

After reading this guide you will clearlyunderstand how to learn guitar.Let’s do it!

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If you want to be a better guitarist click here for our guitar courses

How to learn guitar step 1: Learn witha guitar that’s well suited to YOU

There are dozens ofdifferent types of guitar and they play very differently. Some are easy to play. Some are difficult to play.

The guitar you choose to learn with has a huge influence on your chances of successfully learning the instrument.Any guitar is better than ‘no guitar’ of course, but ideally, you want a guitar that suits your body shape and size. This will make a profound and long-lasting difference to your guitar journey, so treat it seriously.

This article by Mike will help you:

How To Choose The Perfect Beginner Guitar

‘How much do I need to spend?’

You don’t need to spend much, but as a beginner you do need a guitar that is super-playable, will stay in tune and is in otherwise good working order.

  • A rubbish guitar is going to sound rubbish, no matter how hard you practice.
  • As a general rule I’d say don’t pay any less than $150 / £120 for a guitar and ALWAYS try before you buy.

Some affordable guitar brands you shouldcheck out are Squier, Yamaha, Redwood, Farida and Ibanez.

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‘Do I have to buy my own guitar?’

You could borrow a guitar to begin with (if you have a kind friend or family member who doesn’t mind lending you their guitar), but this should only be a temporary measure.

If you’re serious about knowing how to learn guitaryou need to make a commitment and shell out for your own hardware.

A Few Beginner Essentials…

You’ll need aguitar tuner, the Korg GA-1 is perfect:

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You’ll also need a capo, the Jim Dunlop trigger capos are fantastic:

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You’ll also need a guitar strap and a few different guitar picks (apick thickness of 0.65-0.73 is best for beginners).

If you want to learn electric guitar then you’ll also need a cable and a small practice amp.

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(Video) How To Learn Guitar In 1 Summer

Learn the 12 EASIEST beginner chords with our famous FREE guide

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Stop struggling. Start making music.

Learn 12 beginner-friendly versions of every chord.

This is our most popular guide and it will improve your chord ability quickly.

Our Guitar Courses

Become a better guitarist: Click here to check out our guitar courses

How to learn guitar step 2: Learn to tune your guitar accurately and quickly

A good guitar tuner is a wise & worthwhile investment.

There are 4main types: microphone-based tuners, vibration-based tuners, pedal tuners and smartphone apps.

Microphone-based tuners need to ‘hear’ the guitar notes to tune. (You can also plug in electric and electro-acoustic guitars on most modern tuners.)

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Vibration-based tuners clip on to the guitar and tune by vibration. (They can still tune in a noisy environment, unlike microphone-based tuners.)My favourite is the Snark.

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Pedal tuners are very accurate tunersfor electric, bass and electro-acoustic guitars.

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Smartphone apps can tune your guitar quickly and cheaply. There’s tons of free ones out there.

To learn more about tuning and tuners read Rob’s article:

How To Tune A Guitar: A Beginner’s Guide

Here’s a quick demo of a guitar tuner in action.

Some guitars and amps come with built-in tuners. These can be handy, but they’re rarely as good as dedicated tuners.

As you learn more you’ll find you don’t always need to use a tuner to tune. But as a beginner, having a tuner is essential.

How to learn guitar step 3: Learn the names and numbers of your guitar strings

This is an all too common conversation I find myself having with guitar students:

(Video) B Flat Guitar Chord (3 Easy Versions!)

Me: Could you play your ‘A’ string?

Student: Which one’s the ‘A’ string again?

Me: The fifth string.

Student: Which way are the strings numbered again?

Figuring out how to learn guitar will be difficult for you if you don’t know which string is which!

It’s important for you to be able to communicate effectively not just with ateacher, but also with other musicians.(Especially if you want to play in a band some day.)

Going from the thickest to the thinnest our guitar strings are: E A D G B E.

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A good way to remember this is:

Elephants And Donkeys GrowBig Ears.


EddieAte Dynamite, Good Bye Eddie.

You pick!

‘Shouldn’t the 1-6 be the other way around?’

Our strings are numbered 1 to 6 going from the thinnest to the thickest. This is abit confusing for beginners because when we strum we normally start with the thickest string, so people tend think of that as the first string.

If you want to understand how to learn guitar there’s a couple of idiosyncrasies like this that you’ll get used toafter a while. 🙂

For more info on guitar notes and the musical alphabet (including ‘sharps’ and ‘flats’) read this article by Jack and Mike:

Guitar Notes Explained: A Guide For Beginners

How to learn guitar step 4: Learn your basic chords

Regardless of genre,if you want to know how to learn guitar, you MUST know your chords. (Even if you dream of being a solo-twiddling lead guitar legend you still need to know your chords.)

There’s an entire section of this site dedicated to easy beginner chords, so have a good look around there. Chords are an essential part of understanding how to learn guitar.

The easiest way to learn chords is to follow Mike’s stepping-stone approach.

For every chord you see, there is an easy version. As a beginner, you simply will not be able to play chords like F or B.

(Video) 3 Easy G Chords on Guitar

So, you have two choices:

  1. Chew off your own fingers in frustration
  2. Learn an easier version of the chord

Choosingoption 2 allows you to have fun playing music while developing your dexterity and control. This allows you to‘graduate’ to playing the more difficult chord versions later.

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If these chordboxes don’t make sense to you, read our article ‘How To Read Chordboxes In 60 Seconds‘.

(Figuring out how to learn guitar will be impossible if you can’t read chordboxes!)

Download our lead guitar cheat-sheet to make things easier

It can be disorientating for guitarists to understand whichscales work with whichkeys.

With this in mind, we created a cheat-sheet; a key and scale-finder that you can use again and again.

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Our Guitar Courses

Become a better guitarist: Click here for our guitar courses

The importance of perseverance

Even if your chords sound a bit clunky at first and even if they take a long time to change one to the other, you must persevere. As long as you use easy chords you will improve quickly.

These things take time and patience, but if we know the chord shapes and the chord names, we’re on the right track.

If the chords aren’t sounding right it could be that your fingers aren’t pressing correctly.Use the very tips of the fingers, not the fingerprints.

Understanding how to learn guitar boils down to two things: knowing what to do with your left hand and your right hand.

  • Left hand = chords
  • Right hand = strumming

How to learn guitar step 5: Learn how to strum

Of all the different components that go into making music, the melody, the harmony, the form… The most important of all is the RHYTHM.

We can make music that doesn’t have melody, we can make music that doesn’t have harmony and we can make music that doesn’t have any set form, however, music cannot be made without RHYTHM.

If you want to know how to learn guitar, you must be able tostrum chords rhythmically.

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The most commonmistake I see people make when learning to strum is trying to put too much power into their strums.

Relax dude, you don’t need to strum hard; even if you want to play loud, you don’t need to strum powerfully.

(Video) Beginner Acoustic Lesson 1 - Your Very First Guitar Lesson (E Minor + Asus2)

As much as I love the music of Pete Townsend, he is a bad influence because his trademark windmilling approach to guitar playing has convinced a lot of people that that’s how it’s done.

Check him out at 4 mins 30 seconds into this video, amazing! 🙂

This is an entertaining piece of stagecraft, but it’s not how you should aim to play your guitar.

“But I’m into metal! I’m into punk! I want to play loud!” you may be saying.You don’t have to strum hard to play loud.

Playing in time is more important than playing loud, no matter what the style of music and learning to strum in time and with rhythm should be your number one aim as a guitar learner.

Check out this article by Mike, it will help you a lot:

How To Strum A Guitar: A Beginner’s Guide

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